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glossary:bile [2007/09/09 22:26]
glossary:bile [2012/10/16 14:40] (current)
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|+||Bile is a yellow-green fluid that is made by the [[glossary:liver|liver]], stored in the gallbladder and passes through the common bile duct into the duodenum where it helps digest fat. The principal components of bile are [[glossary:cholesterol|Cholesterol]] , bile salts, and the pigment bilirubin. |
|+||An imbalance between these components of bile -- cholesterol, bile salts, and bilirubin -- leads to the formation of gallstones. [[glossary:cholesterol|Cholesterol]] is normally kept in liquid form by the dissolving action of the bile salts; an increased amount of [[glossary:cholesterol|Cholesterol]] in the bile overwhelms the dissolving capacity of the bile salts and leads to the formation of cholesterol [[glossary:gallstones|gallstones]]. Similarly, a deficiency of bile salts promotes cholesterol gallstone formation. |