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glossary:polycystic_ovarian_syndrome [2012/10/16 14:40] (current)
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 +Polycystic ovary syndrome: Abbreviated PCOS. Polcystic ovary syndrome is a condition in women characterized by irregular or no menstrual periods, acne, obesity, and excess hair growth. PCOS is a disorder of chronically abnormal ovarian function and hyperandrogenism (abnormally elevated [[androgen]] levels). It affects 5-10% of women of reproductive age. PCOS is also called the Stein-Leventhal syndrome. ​
 +Women with PCOS do not ovulate -- they do not release an egg every month -- and they are at significantly higher risk for high [[blood pressure]], [[diabetes]],​ heart [[disease]],​ and [[cancer]] of the uterus (endometrial cancer). Much of this risk can be reversed by exercise and weight loss. 
 +Medication is generally prescribed to induce regular periods, thereby reducing the risk of uterine cancer. For acne and excess hair growth, the [[diuretic]] spironolactone (Aldactazide) can help. And for women who desire pregnancy, clomiphene (Clomid) can be used to induce ovulation. ​
 +Studies have indicated that diabetic medications that are designed to improve the action of the [[hormone]] [[insulin]] may benefit women with PCOS. Long-term trials of these insulin-sensitizing drugs -- such as Avandia (rosiglitazone),​ Actos (pioglitazone),​ and Glucophage (metformin) -- for PCOS are underway. The results appear promising. A type of [surgery]] called a "wedge resection"​ in which a piece of the ovary is removed also helps some women with PCOS. 
 +The cause of PCOS is unknown. However, the ovaries of women with the disease characteristically contain a large number of small [[cyst]]s. Hence, the name polycystic ovary.
 +Other common names are polycystic ovary disease, polycystic ovarian disease, and POD.
 +Common Misspellings:​ polycystic ovary syndrone, polycistic ovary syndrome, polycistic ovary syndrone ​
glossary/polycystic_ovarian_syndrome.txt ยท Last modified: 2012/10/16 14:40 (external edit)